The hottest picture is the Internet of things of S

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The picture shows that over the past 30 years, the determined innovation spirit of Shenzhen Customs' IOT

has promoted the great changes in Shenzhen. When the concept of IOT, which is popular all over the country, gradually seeks to be implemented, the leading Shenzhen Customs has become a demonstration unit for the application of IOT by the General Administration of customs. What is IOT like in Shenzhen customs? At the beginning of September, under the arrangement of the General Administration of customs, I came to Shenzhen Customs to experience this real-life IOT application that has been running smoothly for 8 years

automatic release for customs clearance in five seconds

Shenzhen Huanggang port is the largest highway port in China, known as the first land port in Asia. There are nearly 40000 inbound and outbound vehicles in a peak day, including local customs clearance vehicles, centralized Customs declaration vehicles, transit vehicles, large and small buses, etc. But what surprised me was that Huanggang port was not as busy and blocked as expected. At 10 a.m., there was no queuing of vehicles entering and leaving the customs here, and there were no staff on duty in each lane. Instead, the system automatically approved the entry and exit of vehicles. What is behind the seemingly simple pole lifting and passing process

Cheng Yangxian, former deputy chief engineer of Shenzhen customs, told: in 2002, Shenzhen Customs combined automatic induction technology with Internet technology and fully applied the automatic release system, reducing the average customs clearance time on each vehicle channel from 2 minutes to 5-6 seconds. In the past, due to manual receipt, entry, verification and sealing, customs clearance vehicles were blocked for 2-3 kilometers at any time. Since the implementation of the automatic nuclear release system, the traffic jam has disappeared. Now Cheng Yangxian and his colleagues are on for 24 hours. Once the operation monitoring system detects a problem, it will give an alarm and send a text message, and the technicians will deal with it immediately. All kinds of faults from server, storage system, network system to application system and data exchange system can be solved in time, which greatly reduces the impact of technical faults on customs clearance business

the relevant personnel introduced that the simple action of lifting the pole and releasing it, but the supporting technology behind it is many. The automatic vehicle release system at highway ports mainly uses RFID radio frequency identification technology, which integrates electronic license plates, driver identification cards, electronic weighbridge, electronic railings, ground induction coil, red and green signal lights, sound alarm, LED display, barrier breaking prevention, infrared induction GPS, electronic lock communication equipment and other data acquisition sensors and terminal equipment

in the customs monitoring room at Huanggang port, the information of vehicles passing through each channel is constantly displayed on the screen. In addition to normal vehicles, the vehicle inspection and control situation is also displayed at the bottom of the window, such as the declaration of the total weight of goods is inconsistent, the vehicle is controlled and other information. It is understood that in order to avoid tariffs, some vehicles loaded far more goods than declared when entering the customs; At the time of customs clearance, in order to enjoy the export tax rebate policy, the quantity of declared goods will be more than the actual quantity. How to check these situations quickly? In addition to unpacking and random inspection, roughly weighing the electronic weighbridge is also a fast comparison method. In addition, the system's risk analysis database will extract the vehicle numbers of some often problematic vehicles or companies. When these vehicles pass the customs, they will be controlled and spot checked. In this way, the risk analysis will be put in front, and the information and logistics monitoring will be highly integrated

the cylinder on the ground is an electronic barricade, with RFID readers and electronic railings above it

electronic lock RFID is the heart

in the vehicles that automatically check and release entry and exit, we found a special kind of vehicles, whose tail is hung with an electronic lock, whose shape is similar to that of a normal lock, but its shape is larger. But according to Cheng Yangxian, this is an electronic lock with an RFID chip inside

the current customs transit through cargo supervision mainly adopts the traditional one-time lead sealing method, which mechanically seals, inspects and unlocks containers by queuing for sealing, manual operation, visual identification, etc., with high operation cost and low security. The operation efficiency of this supervision method is low, and it is far from meeting the high-density and high-intensity supervision requirements of the Customs on the quality, preparation process, testing equipment and methods of graphene

on June 30, 2009, according to the unified deployment of the Guangdong Branch, the Yantian Port under the jurisdiction of Shenzhen Customs and the vehicle inspection yard under the jurisdiction of Huangpu Customs took the lead in officially launching the electronic customs checkpoint in Guangdong Province, and the pilot vehicles of the two checkpoints gradually promoted the use of electronic customs

On August 19, 2010, the first anniversary of the customs closure operation of Shenzhen Qianhai bay free trade port, the dock throughput had reached nearly 1.8 million TEUs, the total import and export value was about 4.6 billion US dollars, the customs supervised freight volume was 1.55 million tons, 110000 customs declaration documents were reviewed, and the tax paid was 540 million yuan. Shenzhen Qianhaiwan bonded port area is a special customs supervision area, with a land area of 1 Before the zero adjustment, there was no need to raise the mission platform for a period of 174 square kilometers, including all the land used by Shenzhen China Merchants marine logistics Co., Ltd., berths 5, 6 and 7 of Mawan port and storage yard. However, the monitoring of logistics allocation between special supervision sites once plagued the bonded port area

during the construction of the former Gulf bonded port area in 2009, due to special geographical restrictions, social roads were required between the bonded Park and the bonded port area, and the closed enclosure could not be achieved. At this time, Shenzhen customs, which normally has 90 degree and 180 degree divestitures, has achieved close monitoring of inter regional logistics through the comprehensive use of electronic locks, GPS, CCTV (closed-circuit television monitoring system) and other technical means, and established an electronic fence

in the monitoring center of Shekou customs, I saw a large display screen, through which staff monitored the status of transfer logistics in real time and dynamically. The logistics allocation between supervision sites is checked and released by the allocation bayonet. The system is linked with the automatic container identification system, CCTV video monitoring system, GPS monitoring system and other related systems to form a virtual electronic closed channel. At present, the average daily allocation is about 1100 vehicles. Dare to open up domestic and foreign markets

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